Research is goingon all over the world to help explain Learning Styles Essay. As teachers, it is ourresponsibility to learn about these different learning styles so that we canappeal to every type of learner in our classrooms. Howard Gardner has elaboratedon the concept of learning style through what he calls “multipleintelligences” (Gardner 3). Understanding these intelligences will helpus to design our classrooms and curriculum in a way that will appeal to all ofour students.
We may even be able to curb negative behavior by reaching studentsin a different way. If we implement activities that call upon the use of allthese “intelligences” (Gardner 2) we will get the best out of all of ourstudents (Santrock 311). Their grades will improve and they will retain moreinformation for a longer period of time. Learning styles can also help us todetermine possible career paths so that we can help to steer children in theright direction. Discovering our own learning styles can potentially maximizeour own information processing and teaching techniques.
Howard Gardner is aprofessor at Harvard who has studied the idea of intelligence in a way thatlinks research and personal experience (Traub 1). He began speaking about”multiple intelligences” in 1983. Since then, he has won a MacArthur”genius” grant, he has written books which have been translated into twentylanguages, and he gives about seventy-five speeches a year (Truab 1). His ideashave been backed and popularized by many groups seeking to reform the currenteducational system. The idea is that we know a child who scores well on tests issmart, but that doesnt mean a child who does not score well is not gettingthe information or is incapable of getting it (Traub1).
Gardners goal is toturn what we normally think of as intelligence into a mere aspect of a muchwider range of aptitudes (Traub 1). Most of us believe that doing well in schoolrequires a certain amount of intelligence. School work usually focuses on onlytwo avenues of intelligence. Traditional teaching focuses on verbal andmathematical skills.
A person who is weak in both of these will probably dopoorly in school. Gardner suggests that their is eight different aptitudes or”intelligences” (Gardner 3). Each individual has the “eightintelligences” in various amounts. Our strengths and weaknesses in the”intelligences” influence how we learn (Gardner 5). They may even affecthow successful we are in life.
“Verbal- linguistic” is the first ofGardners proposed “intelligences” (Gardner). A linguistic learnerthinks in words. This person uses language to express and understand meaning(Gardner 24) Linguistic learners are sensitive to the meaning of words, theirorder, and their inflection (Gardner 24) This type of person uses writing toexpress themselves, often through poetry, stories, and letters. “Verballinguistic” (Gardner 24) learners are usually very skilled readers. Speakingis another strength that they possess.
Oral communication is used often forpersuasion and memorization (Gardner 133). They are often eloquent speakers andhave wonderfully developed auditory skills. This type of intelligence tends topick up foreign languages with ease. Identifying a “verbal linguistic”(Gardner 24) learner in your classroom is not difficult.
Because of theirtalents at expressing themselves their class work will stand out. They tend todo well at expressing themselves through writing. The will often speak theirmind and can easily explain an event that happened through words, both speakingand writing. Planning lessons that appeal to the “verbal linguistic”(Gardner 24) learner is very easy. The traditional curriculum appeals best tothis kind of learner. They are very good at reading and writing which is alreadythe main method of teaching in most classrooms.
Some activities that appeal tothis kind of learner are storytelling, writing essays, joking, debating, storyproblems, and crossword searches. These activities will allow the student to usewords to learn material and express what they have learned through words. The”visual spatial intelligence” has the ability to think in pictures (Gardner65). They perceive the visual world accurately and are able to think in threedimensional terms. According to Gardner visual learners can easily recreatesomething that they have seen (Gardner 67).
Art is usually a strong area for astudent who learns this way. .